LIVING WITH CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, RICHTER'S TRANSFORMATION, DLBCL, AND EVERYTHING ELSE
Sunday, June 07, 2009
Two thumbs down on Rituxan + fresh frozen plasma
I came. I saw. I wasted my time.
That’s my verdict on Rituxan + fresh frozen plasma. Make that two thumbs down — mine and that of a patient who posted to the ACOR CLL List that his experience with it was “arduous and ineffective.” Better words to describe it I cannot find.
Our two anecdotal cases fly in the face of the results reported by Klepfish et al. in their paper Adding fresh frozen plasma to rituximab for the treatment of patients with refractory advanced CLL, about which I wrote here. The positive results reported on the five patients in the study might as well have come from an alternate universe as far as my experience goes.
R-FFP did nothing for my red counts or platelets. It was completely ineffective on even the smallest of lymph nodes. Indeed, once Rituxan was added it seemed to lead to a mild case of tumor flare, which eventually subsided with the nodes back at baseline. My lymphocyte count did drop, perhaps at a slightly faster clip than it did the last time I used single agent Rituxan. But the difference was not especially significant and, as my oncologist pointed out, the CLL cells could just as well have been seeking refuge back in the lymph nodes. As time has gone on, my disease has become more node-centric, to coin a phrase.
I underwent two rounds before we abandoned ship, pivoting to another treatment. I am now on monthly high-dose pulses of steroids accompanied by Rituxan, and we’ll probably add some cyclophosphamide. This is essentially a steroid-heavy version of the RCD protocol that got me through my hemolytic crisis in the fall of 2007 and gained me a pretty good remission for the following year.
It's also as close as I'm willing to get to R-CHOP, which is known for its effectiveness on bulky nodes. R-CHOP is probably as much fun as it sounds, and stands for Rituxan + cyclophosphamide; Hydroxydaunorubicin (aka adriamycin or doxorubicin); Oncovin (vincristine); and prednisone. I can't see doing vincristine again, and have no desire to subject my heart muscle to adriamycin (aka "the red death") if I can avoid it.
I'd rather go the FCR route than the HO route; perhaps, with final approval of Arzerra (HuMax-CD20) by the FDA expected soon, I'll be doing FCH when the time comes. In the meantime, steroids have a proven track record of reducing nodes. Eventually I’ll have another CT scan to see how we’re doing on the abdominal nodes, and we’ll consider following up with something more powerful to deepen and consolidate the remission. We might use Campath if we can get my abdominal node mass down to less than 5 cm. It’s a work in progress.
At least it’s working. The R-FFP involved a great deal of effort for no gain. The FFP was infused at the hospital, which was followed by a short trip to the oncologist’s office for the Rituxan. The hospital took forever to get the job done, forcing me to abandon plans to get two units of FFP and 375 mg/m2 of Rituxan in one day. In the first round there were delays because the hospital took three hours to type and match my blood. I did one unit that day, followed by half the Rituxan. The next day I did the second unit and finished the Rituxan. In the second round it took from 7 a.m. to 3 p.m. for the hospital to get two units in me (note the happy expression on my face in the photo above); by then it was too late to do the Rituxan, which was infused the following morning.
Marilyn and I learned a few things about FFP. One is that premeds generally are not given prior to its administration. Two is that a type and match is good for 21 days. Three is that you can add a second filter to the IV setup if you want to be as thorough as possible in catching any errant white blood cells. We insisted on the addition of a leukopoor filter (the circular jobby in the photo) so all the FFP was double-filtered. Four is that nobody seems to know how long the complement gained from the FFP lasts in your body -- could be hours, could be days. Marilyn spoke to the director of the blood bank and he said nobody knew, that no study had ever been done.
Hopefully these details will be of no use to you as you will sensibly avoid undergoing this protocol. I might add here that my CLL is not as advanced as those in the study, nor can it be called refractory. Although I have had a lot of Rituxan in my time (two of the patients in the study were refractory to the drug), I should have been a fairly easy patient, as it were. Of course, one thing we know in CLL is that some people respond better to a particular treatment than others, and this may just not have been my cup of tea, or bag of plasma.
One of the bags was especially murky and yellow, causing the nurse to comment that the donor must have had a fatty steak dinner before they gave plasma. Perhaps the donor should also have had some jalapenos, which might have given the protocol more kick.
February 2014 in Sedona, AZ, slimmed down to 144 lbs.
My name is David Arenson and I have chronic lymphocytic leukemia. It may kill me. Then again, it may not. Life is full of surprises, although I must admit that this is not the sort of cliffhanger that I had in mind for my 50s.
Until a few years ago, like most people, I had assumed death and disease were the province of old age, not the prime of life. I was just an average person health-wise, and feeling rather fine, thank you. I passed by the occasional wheelchair-bound person or bald-headed chemotherapy patient and didn't think that sort of thing would ever apply to me. The odds were against it, after all. Then, after a blood test at age 46, I became one of those people.
And so, my life has changed. I still enjoy the same things I always have – my beautiful and wonderful soulmate, Marilyn, and music, and walks in the woods, and cheap Asian food at strip malls, and movies in which a giant reptile threatens an entire city.
But I also have a new reality that intrudes, one where mutant B lymphocytes threaten my entire body, and one which requires becoming accustomed to unfamiliar and intimidating territory. My spleen and lymph nodes are swollen and my neck sometimes looks like that of a chipmunk storing too many nuts; bothersome nodes in my left pelvic area are a constant reminder that something is wrong with my body. Over time my immunity has been degraded and I have had to rely more on antibiotics to shake infections that once gave me no pause. I have also experienced the joys of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, of which there are none, which is a scary condition in which the body destroys its own red blood cells, and which leads to fatigue.
My CLL has had more than a physical impact. It has been quite an education -- both in terms of what I have learned about my ability to cope with what once was unthinkable, and in terms of navigating the almost freakishly contradictory world of CLL management and treatment. Needless to say, only a fool treads there without getting the lay of the land; too many local doctors are simply clueless, and even the experts can disagree. I do not claim to have it all figured out, and I expect that I never will, but I am doing my best, and I hope some of my thoughts can be of use to you.
So, if sharing my journey helps you along the way, it will have been my pleasure, something green and growing in this hard, new landscape. We help each other as we can, and this is why we have a vibrant CLL community of websites, forums, and blogs (see links below). The end of the circle is the start of the circle. What goes around comes around.
Writing has been in my blood longer than CLL. I am a former newspaper reporter and editor and co-author with Marilyn of two humor-trivia books, Disco Nixon and Rambo Reagan. Marilyn and I met at the University of California at Santa Cruz and now live in the red rock country of Northern Arizona . . . CLL Diary has been featured in CR, the magazine of the American Association for Cancer Research, and in Family Practice Management, a publication of the American Academy of Family Physicians. Besides writing about CLL, I helped establish CLL Forum, one of the largest discussion groups for patients and caregivers.
As we patients eventually learn, CLL is not a one-size-fits-all disease. Some cases are indolent, some progressive, some quite aggressive. Prognostic tests can give us a much better idea of what type of CLL we are dealing with. Knowledge is power, and I believe patients should have these tests and know what they mean. They do not provide a complete picture, and sometimes clinical symptoms tell a different story than one might expect from the results, but they are important tools that can help determine the when and what of treatment.
Here are the tests: IgVH mutational status, FISH, ZAP-70 (as done at a research institution such as UC San Diego, not a commercial lab), and CD38.
My tests indicate a progressing disease. I am IgVH unmutated and ZAP-70 positive, as measured at UCSD. I developed an 11q deletion per FISH in 2006, which disappeared in 2012 for some mysterious reason, giving way to a 13q deletion. I am CD38 positive now, despite having been CD38 negative for years.
Given my tender age, I will always be navigating treatment options if I want to have any hope of living a normal life span. Knowing my test results helps me plan ahead, and knowing the possible end point in my battle with CLL helps me plan what treatments make the most sense, and in what order. Like many CLLers, I am encouraged by the progress being made by new drugs such Ibrutinib and ABT-199; not to mention the news that T-cells can be supercharged to wipe out the CLL -- in much the same ferocious way that macrophages went after my red cells during hemolysis with AIHA.
The "when and what" of treatment is a subject of great debate among CLL experts as well as patients and local doctors. I tend to take a conservative approach, ever aware of the fact that overall survival in CLL depends not just on the effectiveness of your first treatment. What you do for an encore -- your ability to respond to treatment again, and then again -- may determine how long you get to stand on the stage. The late CLL expert Dr. Terry Hamblin once wrote that CLL is a war of attrition, and I am ever mindful that such wars are won, if they can be won, slowly.
Whether my decisions ultimately are proved wise will be written in these pages. I began using single-agent rituximab (Rituxan) in 2004, adding the steroid methylprednisolone in March 2007 to combat AIHA. In October 2007, after a severe AIHA relapse that left me steroid refractory, I was treated with Rituxan + cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednsione (R-CVP). In January 2009, when AIHA and hemolysis of red blood cells returned, I had Rituxan + cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (R-CD). I used this a few times to control the condition, with shorter and shorter periods until AIHA relapse. Starting in February 2010 I used Arzerra (ofatumumab) and Revlimid (lenalidomide), and then for a year and a half maintained control of the disease -- and the AIHA -- with Revlimid alone. Alas, the Revlimid came at a high price in terms of blood clotting issues, and as of 2012 I was treated with bendamustine and rituximab, which gave me a CR in the marrow and blood, leaving some swollen lymph nodes behind.
2013 is turning out to be my most challenging year yet, with the arrival of Richter's Transformation in April. Up to 10% of CLL patients can expect to develop Richter's, in which some of the CLL clones mutate into a more dangerous B cell lymphoma. Richter's is fatal in some 50% of cases, but it also can be beaten with chemotherapy and stem cell transplant. Read my latest posts for updates on my experience.
My best advice to patients is to gather all the facts you can about your CLL and then think ahead and plan ahead. Develop a long-term strategy, but expect to have to roll with the punches. And don't be rushed by doctors, family, or anyone else into a decision you are not comfortable with: Treating CLL is almost never an emergency. Take the time to learn and reflect, and then go with your intuition.
There are no guarantees that your choices will work out, of course, but at least you can rest assured that you put your heart and soul into making them. That sort of effort is the effort that can, with luck, beat cancer.
It's a peace sign, or a V for victory, not sure which
Quotes I Like
"The thing in life is not to know all the answers but rather to ask the right questions." -- Anonymous
"Hope is not the conviction that something will turn out well, but the certainty that something makes sense, regardless of how it turns out." -- Vaclav Havel
"The man who never alters his opinion is like standing water, and breeds reptiles of the mind." -- Blake
"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned so as to have the life that is waiting for us." -- E.M. Forster
"Think of all the beauty still left around you and be happy." -- Anne Frank
“Panic is a projection that is not real. We are not just our fears. Our fears do not necessarily determine our future. This is significant.” -- Greg Anderson, lung cancer survivor
"I had a choice to make when they said I was going to die. I could chose to live the rest of my life dying, or I could chose to live life until I die. And I chose to live life'. -- Anonymous cancer patient
"Life can only be understood backwards; but it must be lived forwards." -- Soren Kierkegaard
"It's always something. If it's not one thing, it's another." -- Roseanne Rosannadanna
I am not a doctor and I do not play one on the internet. If you take something I say as medical advice and die as a result, perhaps in your next life you will not believe everything you read on the internet.
Copyright 2005-2014 by David Arenson. All rights reserved. Material is for the personal use of CLL patients and caregivers and may not be used or reproduced for commercial purposes.